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A review of shale pore structure evolution characteristics with increasing thermal maturities

Zhiye Gao, Yupeng Fan, Qixiang Xuan, Guowei Zheng

(Published: 2020-06-02)


Corresponding Author and Email:Zhiye Gao, gaozhiye@163.com; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4210-9210


Citation:Gao, Z., Fan, Y., Xuan, Q., Zheng, G. A review of shale pore structure evolution characteristics with increasing thermal maturities. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2020, 4(3): 247-259, doi: 10.46690/ager.2020.03.03.


Article Type:Invited review


Abstract:

Pore structure has a significant effect on the occurrence state of shale hydrocarbons and the hydrocarbon storage capability of shale reservoirs. Consequently, it is quite meaningful to clarify the shale pore structure evolution characteristics for understanding the migration and enrichment mechanisms of hydrocarbons within shale reservoirs during different geological stages. The abundant existence of organic matter within shales complicates the shale pore structure evolution process by hydrocarbon generation, migration and cracking. Many studies have been conducted to reveal the shale pore structure evolution characteristics and the controlling factors. Basically, these studies could be divided into two categories based on the sample source: comparing the pore structure of natural shale samples with different thermal maturities; obtaining shale samples with different thermal maturities by conducting thermal simulation experiments on low-mature shale samples and comparing the pore structure of these simulated shale samples. However, no consistent viewpoint on shale pore structure evolution has been reached. This review presents the state of the art of shale pore structure evolution studies. It is widely recognized in the literature that both the inorganic and organic diagenesis control the shale pore structure evolution process. However, it is found that the shale pore structure evolution models proposed in the literature were largely dependent on the samples used. And it is recommended to conduct the two categories of studies simultaneously in order to obtain more reliable shale pore structure evolution characteristics in future investigations.


Keywords:Pore structure evolution, organic matter pores, thermal simulation experiments.


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